Sump pumps are a very important for getting rid of water in the basement of your home. If your home isn’t built on top of a knoll, or is positioned to where water drains away towards a storm drain, you probably already have a sump pump installed in your home. You may not realize it, as they frequently just make sound when they are running. If you are close to it, you can hear it, otherwise it is just a enclosed hole in the basement flooring, about the dimension of a large garbage container.
Generally your sump pump should be installed near an exterior discharge line. A pipe is run from the pump, up the wall where it is then connected to a discharge line. A sump pump is designed to gather the water from your internal or external footer drain and pump it away from the homes foundation.
You may decide to have a specialist to do this labor for you, as it calls for breaking a hole in the concrete floor in the basement, digging a pit big enough to hold the pump enclosure which is about the size of a 50 gallon drum and then linking it to an existing footer drain. Once the pit enclosure is installed the pump is then installed and hooked up to the drain lines.
There are 2 standard kinds of pumps and battery backups available in case power goes out at your house. Pedestal pumps, the least pricey, have the motor above the water level which allows moisture and debris to get in, and open fins for cooling. They are louder and typically don’t last as long as the submersible pumps. A submersible pump has a motor that is oil cooled and is sealed so that it is a little quieter than the above ground model.
Sump pumps come with a set of installation instructions and illustrations. You’ll use a rigid one and a half inch PVC pipe that will help to keep the pump in place. It is easy to cut with a hacksaw and can be connected to the fittings quickly with pipe primer and pipe cement. You’ll need to install a check valve which works like a one way street, it doesn’t let the pumped out water flow back towards the pump when it is turned off. This can be attached with hose clamps and neoprene connectors so that it is easy to remove the pump for repairs and maintenance. For the downspout discharge line you’ll want to use a polyethylene pipe.